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 Needs

Needs can be categorized into individual and group needs, as well as general and special needs. Firstly, the need for food is one of the needs that are sought to be satisfied, and the need for litigation is one of the needs that concern individuals as a whole and only appears when there are individuals in a particular community. One of the criteria for determining the nature of needs is reliance on determining who It satisfies and relies on determining who is being satisfied, and there is also the economic criterion and the historical criterion .. The public needs are the needs that are satisfied by public bodies through public expenditures and this is the criterion for relying on determining who fulfills the satisfaction and the public need is the need that the group feels, not every individual. Separately, we find that this is the criterion of relying on determining who is being satisfied. The state may satisfy its public needs even if its cost is greater than its benefit, while the individual may refrain from satisfying his own needs if he does not achieve the maximum possible benefit with the least possible expense and this is an economic criterion and the general need is Which enters into the concept of the traditional role of the state and this is called the historical standard.
The global economy is concerned with the human and other needs of society, and this returns and consists of economic activity.
The need for knowledge and education is considered a need that is satisfied individually and is satisfied collectively. One of the advantages of the criterion of relying on determining who fulfills the nature of needs in determining the simplicity and realism and its shortcomings is that this standard does not shed light previously on the nature of the need, any historical view, and from the advantages of the criterion of relying on determining who Satisfying it in determining the nature of needs, it shows the nature of needs. Either of the defects of the economic standard in determining the nature of needs is that it does not depend on the nature of needs, and one of the defects of the historical standard in determining the nature of needs 
is that it covers the role of the state in a previous historical peri

Strong money


Public money

We can classify public money according to its role into neutral and interfering, and the state’s role in the neutral public money system is limited to maintaining external security and internal stability, carrying out public works and non-interference in economic and social life. The term guardian state appeared in light of neutral public money, which is meant by the term (the guardian state), meaning that The state does not interfere in economic and social life, and it is the system of free competition and the laws of the market that guarantee the compatibility of individual interests with the public interest, and among the foundations on which neutral public money is based is the principle of balance of the budget and the principle of reducing public revenues to the narrowest limits and covering ordinary public expenditures with regular public revenues (i.e. taxes) and non-recourse For loans or new cash issuance as a cover for regular public expenditures and preference for taxes over consumption over taxes on income and wealth. Public money means that it is the science that studies the means by which the state obtains the funds necessary to cover public expenditures and this is what traditional thought and traditional thought defined the purpose of the science of public money from While covering public expenditures, this thought also identified the role of a means Public money through equal distribution of public burdens among members of society, and among the reasons for the emergence of functional public money (that is, the interventionist) and the disappearance of neutral public money is the change of economic and social conditions and the change of the state’s role from a mere guardian state to an intervening state.
Among the intervening public finances classifications are the financial intervening in the capitalist system, socialist public finance and public finance in backward countries. What is meant by the capitalist system according to Keynes’s theory of public finance is to allow the state to interfere in economic life and from the foundations on which public finances are built in the capitalist system, financial instruments are considered economic and social tools. Achieving economic balance and stability, not financial balance, and redistribution of national income in favor of the poor classes. The public finance interfering in the capitalist system aims to raise or reduce actual demand in order to achieve comprehensive employment and economic stability.
In order to achieve economic stability, the budget work must be adapted to the situation of economic conditions by adopting the theory of periodic budgets, which is intended to allocate the surplus revenue achieved in boom periods to be spent in periods of recession.
(Keynes's book, which was drawn up in 1936 to study public finance interfering in the capitalist system, was titled The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money)
The socialist state is called within the concept of public finances the producing state and one of the foundations on which socialist public finances are based is the public budget that is part of the financial plan and public expenditures aimed at achieving investment and non-investment objectives and the increasing importance of indirect taxes. When comparing the general budget and the financial plan, we find that the general budget Part of the financial plan, the general budget shows the revenues and expenditures of the state, the revenues and expenditures of other public bodies, the financial plan shows the revenues and expenditures of the state, the revenues and expenditures of other public bodies and the revenues and expenditures of public projects as well.
Strong money needs solid financial plans.
With regard to regular public revenues, that is, taxes, the introduction of the socialist system led to a decrease in the importance of taxes on individual incomes.
One of the basic goals of public money in underdeveloped countries is to work to achieve savings and investment, to create capital, to create a structural change in the economy, and from the foundations on which public money is based in underdeveloped countries is to organize public expenditures so that they aim to encourage public or private investment and the task of taxes is to withdraw the economic surplus And placing it at the service of economic development and the characteristics of the tax system in underdeveloped countries are the relatively low tax revenues and the control of indirect taxes. The ratio of tax withholding to GDP is lower in underdeveloped countries more than it is in developed countries. The reason behind the relatively low tax collection in backward countries is a decrease Average per capita income and among the reasons for the decrease in the share of income tax shareholders in public revenues in underdeveloped countries are the expansion of the agricultural sector, the difficulty of imposing a tax on agricultural income, the breadth of the economy and the difficulty of imposing an income on it, and also among the reasons for the low percentage of income tax contributors in public revenues in underdeveloped countries Availability of a financial apparatus capable of taxing income.

Strong money is able to bypass the stages of an economic problem.


With regard to indirect taxes, when we say that they can provide the state with abundant revenues due to the breadth of its container, this is within the financial aspect and with regard to indirect taxes, when we say that it helps in reducing consumption and reducing inflationary pressures, this is within the guiding aspect and with regard to indirect taxes When we say that it does not need a highly qualified tax administration, this is technically speaking.
Indirect taxes in underdeveloped countries take many forms, including consumption taxes and customs taxes.
The science of public finance can be defined as the science that specializes in studying how expenditures, revenues and the public budget are organized in such a way that they work to achieve economic and social goals.
Strong money includes the concept of public money and economic activity.
The financial system is part of the economic system and the economic system is considered part of the social system.
Strong money is an economic system and it depends on the strength of that system


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