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The subject of economics and scientific research methods...

Economics is its subject and field

Main The main subject or field of economics is the study of a person's economic activity related to how to meet the needs of goods and services. e. Activity related to production, distribution, exchange and consumption. Economics as a social science cannot be separated from other social sciences such as historical sociology, law and politics. Economics benefits from studies of other sciences as well as contributes to it in a mutual benefit just as economics provides the other branches with a logical justification in order to choose the justification and appropriate identification of the truth and realistic models in distinguishing between The best, that is, between identifying the variables and choosing the best

The subject of economics and scientific research methods...

Methods of scientific research in economics 

All types of science, including economics, use two common methods of research, the deductive method and the inductive method.
First: Methods of inference:
This method relies on making general assumptions that are recognized in advance and are not relevant to reality. By subjecting these general assumptions to the rules of logical and mental analysis, laws and provisions are derived from them that can be applied to specific situations and cases or partial issues
Second: the inductive method:
This method relies on presenting and studying the largest possible number of facts and special cases so that judgments are extracted from these observations and generalized in the interpretive laws of facts