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Economic activity is based on two main reasons that make them the focal point in the existence of economics.
The first reason is that the needs of society with its individual and institutions for goods and services are unlimited and cannot be fully satisfied. 
The second reason is the economic resources or possibilities available to satisfy these needs, which are limited or relatively rare.
The process of balancing resources and needs, offering some, delaying some of them, and going a head. 
Characteristics of the economic problem. 
First, the relative scarcity, which is the main reason for the existence of the economic problem, and when the economic scarcity disappears, the economic problem disappears.
Economic scarcity is a relative quality that is achieved when the required amount of something is more then the amount available from it at the time of need and the selection process required sacrifice or weiving the needs of other in whole or in part. 
A rare commodity is one that people pay.
Second, selection and selection, since resources are less than needs,, therefore it is necessary to choose the needs that must be satisfied first, I. e. The individual or society puts the scale of preferences and satisfied his desires and needs according to This peace. 
Third, sacrifice for a person whose resources are less than meeting all his needs, to sacrifice some of these needs and deprive himself of them in order of preferences. 
The difference between scarcity and poverty. 
Poverty is relieved by the achievement of a certain level of basic needs. As for the relative scarcity, it does not disappears except with the possibility of individual possessing all the goods they desire, and This is not relatively possible.
- The battle against poverty can be won, but the battle against scarcity cannot be won, or it is difficult because the human needs are increasing and continuing indefinitely, and whenever the need is satisfied, a new need arises. 


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